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Being the home to many species of rare plants and animals, especially some valuable herbs, Chu Yang Sin national park is really an ecological system of international significance in the Central Highlands.
What distinguishes this park from other famous ones?
Chu Yang Sin National Park is located in Lak and Krong Bong districts, Dak Lak province, 60 km to the south-east of Buon Ma Thuot town. The national park encompasses a range of high mountains in the northern part of the Southern Annamite mountains. The topography of the park is characterised by steep slopes and narrow valleys. Chu Yang Sin mountain range consists of many mountain peaks, of which the 2,442m Cu Yang Sin peak is the highest one in Dak Lak. The Chu Yang Sin National Park covers 59,667ha, with tropical climate of high mountain. The topography has many slopes, facilitating varieties of forests with diversified flora and fauna.
The north of Chu Yang Sin National Park is drained by the Ea K’tour and Ea Krong Kmao streams, which flow north to join the Ea Krong Ana river. Streams in the south of Chu Yang Sinflow into the Krong No river. Both the Ea Krong Ana and Krong No rivers flow west and north before joining the Srepok river, a major tributary of the Mekong River.
At elevations below 800 m, the national park supports lowland semi-evergreen forest, characterised by Lagerstroemia calyculata and Terminalia nigrovenulosa, and lowland evergreen forest, dominated by Hopea odorata, Dipterocarpus alatus and D. turbinatus. The park has primary forest covering from ground level to the 8,000m peak of Chu Yang Sin mountain. Montane evergreen forest is widely distributed above 800 m, and dominated by members of the Fagaceae and Lauraceae. Montane evergreen forest at Chu Yang Sin is also characterised by conifers, such as Pinus dalatensis, P. krempfii, P. kesiya var. langbianensis, Podocarpus imbricatus and Fokienia hodginsii. On mountain summits and ridge lines, elfin forest formations are distributed, dominated by Lyonia annamensis, L. ovalifolia and the dwarf bamboo Arundinaria sp. Coniferous forest, dominated by Pinus kesiya, occupies more than 10,600 ha of the national park. This is a secondary vegetation type that is formed in areas subject to periodic burning. A significant proportion of the national park supports bamboo forest, dominated by Oxytenanthera nigrociliata and Bambusa procera. Open secondary growth, scrub and grassland cover less than 1% of the total area of the national park.
Do not forget bringing with you a binocular because Chu Yang Sin National Park is situated within the Da Lat Plateau Endemic Bird Area. Eight restricted-range bird species have been recorded at Chu Yang Sin: Germain’s Peacock Pheasant Polyplectron germaini, Grey-crowned Crocias Crocias langbianis, Black-hooded Laughingthrush Garrulax milleti, Collared Laughingthrush G. yersini, White-cheeked Laughingthrush Garrulax vassali, Short-tailed Scimitar Babbler Jabouilleia danjoui, Grey-faced Tit Babbler Macronous kelleyi and Yellow-billed Nuthatch Sitta solangiae. The most important of these species, from a conservation perspective, is Grey-crowned Crocias, which is endemic to the Da Lat plateau and classified as globally endangered.
Welcome all the animal-lovers!
A total of 46 mammal species have been recorded at Chu Yang Sin. Mammals of particular conservation significance recorded at the site include Black-shanked Douc Pygathrix nigripes and Yellow-cheeked Crested Gibbon Hylobates gabriellae. Moreover, people have found red-face monkeys, long-tail monkeys, a community of Bos Gaurus cattle, and a mole which is believed to be a new species.
If possible, whoever you are, an adventurer, a researcher or a tourist, you should come to Chu Yang Sin National Park to explore and discover the secrets of the land.